Note: Most commentators believe that the phrase "coming into the world" speaks of Jesus coming into the world of men at His incarnation, in order to give "light" to every man.
- Christ's "own" people (v.11) - the ones who "did not receive him" - were all the people on the face of the earth minus the chosen ones (Deuteronomy 7:6), people who hate Him and say that they don't want Him to be their King (Luke 19:14), people who worship what they don't know (John 4:22), people who reject Him and want Him crucified (John 19:15), people who have been entrusted with the very words of God (Romans 3:1-2), and the people of Israel (Romans 9:4-5). In our day, people who know about Christ reject Him by not believing in Him, rejecting people who believe in Him, and ignoring Him in every way.
- From v.12, to become a "child of God", John says one must receive Him and believe in His name. This means acknowledging that Jesus is the Son of God (1 John 5:12).
Phrases from John 1:13
- "born" means born of the Spirit (John 3:3-8, 6:63)
- "not of natural descent" means everyone who believes (Romans 1:16) after hearing the message of salvation through the word of Christ (Romans 10:17)
- "nor of human decision", because it is a gift of God, not by human works (Ephesians 2:1-10)
- "or a husband's will" - this, I don't know. Reading 2 Timothy 3:15 gave me an idea of how I should introduce Baby Emma to the Scriptures right from infancy, so she will be wise for salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. But for the home work, I don't know.
- "born of God" means born again through the word of truth from God (James 1:18, 1 Peter 1:23)